Iluminismo e religião

ruptura ou continuidade?

Palavras-chave: Iluminismo, Religião, Secularização

Resumo

A partir de uma revisão de parte da literatura recente sobre o tema, este artigo busca problematizar a maneira pela qual Iluminismo e religião foram tradicionalmente articulados, sobretudo por uma historiografia excessivamente focada na experiência do século XVIII francês. Em contraposição, este artigo argumenta que “continuidade” é um termo que expressa de forma mais adequada essa relação do que o termo “ruptura”. No entanto, continuidade, como se defende, não exclui tensões nem tampouco transformações. Se, de um lado, o Iluminismo é muito mais próximo da religião do que se reconhece; de outro, ele modelou em larga medida o entendimento moderno da religião. A revisão da relação entre Iluminismo e religião implica também repensar a própria identidade do Iluminismo e a questão da secularização. O artigo toma o debate alemão em torno da questão “o que é Iluminismo?” como fio condutor do comentário, que se encerra com uma análise da famosa contribuição de Kant a esse debate.

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Biografia do Autor

João de Azevedo e Dias Duarte, PUC-Rio
Doutor em História Social da Cultura pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio). Professor de História Moderna na mesma instituição.

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Publicado
2020-04-12
Como Citar
DUARTE, J. DE A. E D. Iluminismo e religião: ruptura ou continuidade?. História da Historiografia: International Journal of Theory and History of Historiography, v. 13, n. 32, p. 83-114, 12 abr. 2020.
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Artigo