Memória, narrativa e conflito em escrever o passado

quando os historiadores estão sujeitos a tensões éticas e políticas

Palavras-chave: Walter Benjamin, Narrativas, Memória

Resumo

Neste trabalho, analiso as distintas características da historiografia do século vinte em torno aos eventos mais proeminentes da época, para, assim, poder delinear uma interpretação das lutas que subjazem a produção do conhecimento histórico. Em contraste com várias teorias da historiografia que afirmam que a autonomia da memória coletiva é um pressuposto metodológico do historiador, argumentarei que a historiografia está sempre entrelaçada com os desafios políticos e éticos do tempo do historiador. A esse respeito, as teses deste trabalho são inspiradas nas ideias de Walter Benjamin sobre a historiografia, bem como pelas interpretações dessas premissas, fornecidas por outros historiadores e filósofos, como Enzo Traverso, Dominick LaCapra ou Michael Löwy. Suas ideias servirão de estrutura para compreender os desafios que os historiadores enfrentam ao narrar a história contemporânea.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Rafael Pérez Baquero, University of Murcia (Spain)

Investigador pre-doctoral FPU/MECD. Departamento de Filosofía

Referências

ALTED, Alicia. La historia del presente o la cuadratura del círculo. In: DELGADO, J. M.; ANDRÉS CABELLO, S. (cords.). La Rioja, España, Europa. Logroño: Instituto de Estudios Riojanos, 2006. p. 33-43.

ANKERSMIT, Frank. Historiopraphy and Postmodernism. History and Theory, v. 28, n. 2, p. 137-153, 1989.

AUSTIN, J. L. How to do Things with Words. Massachussets: Harvard Education Press, 1975.

BAER, Alejandro. El testimonio audiovisual. Imagen y memoria del Holocausto. Madrid: Siglo XXI, 2005.

BENJAMIN, Walter. On the Concept of History. In: BENJAMIN, Walter. Selected Writings. Vol 4. 1938-1940. Massachussets: Harvard University Press, 2006. p. 389-400.

BENJAMIN, Walter. One-way Street. In: BENJAMIN, Walter. One-way Street and other writings. London: Penguin, 1979. p. 45-106.

BENJAMIN, Walter. The Storyteller: Reflections on the works of Nikolai Leskov. In: BENJAMIN, Walter. Selected Writing. Vol 3. 1935-1938, Massachussets: Harvard University Press, 2002. p. 143-166.

BENSAÏD, Daniel. Revolutions: Great and still and silent. In: HAYNES, Mike; WOLFREYS, Jim (eds). History and Revolution: Refuting Revisionism. London/New York: Verso, 2007. p. 202-216.

BLOCH, Marc. The Historian’s Craft: Reflections on the Nature and Uses of History and the Techniques and Methods of Those Who Write It. London: Vintage Books, 1984.

BRAUDEL, Fernand. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. New York: Harper Collins, 1992.

BROWNING, Christopher R. German Memory, Judicial Interrogation, and Historical Reconstruction: Writing Perpetrator History from Postwar Testimony. In: FRIEDLÄNDER, Saul (ed). Probing the Limits of Representation. Nazism and the “Final Solution”. Cambridge-London and Harvard: University Press, 1992. p. 22-36.

COLLINGWOOD, R. G. The Idea of History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

FELMAN, Shoshana; LAUB, Dori. Testimony: Crisis of witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis, and History. London: Roudledge, 1992.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. The End of History and the Last Man. London: Penguin Books, 2012.

FURET, François, The Dialectical Relationship of Fascism and Communism. In: FURET, François; NOLTE, Ersnt. Fascism and Communism. Lincon and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2004. p. 31-40.

FURET, François. The Passing of an Ilusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century. Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

GINZBURG, Carlo. Checking the Evidence: The judge and the Historians. Critical Inquiry, n. 18, 1991.

GINZBURG, Carlo. Microhistoria: Dos o tres cosas que sé de ella. Manuscrits, n. 12, p. 13-42, 1994.

GINZBURG, Carlo. The Cheese and the Worms: The cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller. London: Routledge, 1976.

HAYNES, Mike; WOLFREYS, Jim (eds). History and Revolution: Refuting Revisionism. London and New York: Verso, 2007.

HEMPEL, C. G. The Functions of General Laws in History. The Journal of Philosophy, v. 39, n. 2, p. 35-48, 1942.

HOBSBAWM, Eric. On History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2011.

HOBSBAWN, Eric. The age of extremes. 1914-1991. London: Abacus, 1995.

JUDT, Tony. From the House of the Dead. An Essay on Modern European Memory. In: JUDT, Tony. Postwar: A History of Europe since 1945. USA: Penguin LLC, 2006. p. 803-831.

KELLNER, Hans. Language and Historical Representation. Madison: The University of Winconsin Press, 1989.

KHOURT, Nadim. Political Reconciliation: With or Without Grand Narratives? Constellations, v. 00, n. 0, 2016.

KITTSTEINER, Heinz-Dieter. Walter Benjamin´s Historicism. New German Critique, n. 39, Second Special Issue on Walter Benjamin, p. 179-215, 1986.

KOSELLECK, Reinhart. historia/Historia. Madrid: Trotta, 2011.

KRACAUER, Siegfried. History. The Last Things before the Last. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1995.

KRISTOFT, Pomian. Sobre la historia. Madrid: Cátedra, 2002.

LACAPRA, Dominick. History and Memory after Auschwitz. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1998.

LACAPRA, Dominick. Understanding Others, Peoples, Animals, Past. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2018.

LEVI, Giovanni. Sobre microhistoria. Buenos Aires: Biblos, 1993.

LOSURDO, Domenico. Liberalism. A Counter-History. London/New York: Verso, 2011.

LOWENTHAL, D. The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

LÖWY, Michael. Fire Alarm. Reading Walter Benjamin´s “On the Concept of History”. New York: Verso, 2005.

LYOTARD, J. F. The Postmodern Condition. A Report of Knowledge. Mimmesota: University of Mimmesota Press, 2001.

MAIER, Charles S. Overcoming the Past? Narrative and Negotiation, Remembering, and Reparation: Issues at the Interface of History and the Law. In: TORPEY, John (ed). Politics and the Past. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. p. 295-304.

MALIA, Martin. The Soviet Tragedy: A History of Socialism, 1917-1991. New York: Free Press, 1973.

MATE, Reyes. Memoria de Auschwitz. Actualidad moral y política. Madrid: Trotta, 2004.

MAYER, Arno. Why did the Heavens not Darken? The “Final Solution” in History. Pantheon: New York, 1988.

MUDROVCIC, Maria Inés. Historia, memoria y narración. Madrid: Akal, 2005.

NORA, Pierre. Between Memory and History. Les lieux de memoire. Representations, v. 26, p. 7-24, Special Issue: Memory and Countermemory, 1989.

PIPPES, Richard. The Russian Revolution. New York: Vintage Books, 1991.

PRIESTLAND, David. The Red Flag. A History of Communism. New York: Grove Press, 2009.

RANKE, Leopoldo von. Geschichten der romanischen und germanischen Völker von 1494 bis 1514. Duncker & Humbolt: Leipzig. V. 33/33. 1885.

STEWART, G. R., Picketts charge. A mycrohistory of the Final Attack at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. Ohio: Hougthon Mifflin, 1963.

TRAVERSO, Enzo. La historia como campo de batalla. Buenos Aires: FCE, 2011.

TRAVERSO, Enzo. Left-Wing Melancholia: Marxism, History, and Memory. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017.

WHITE, Hayden. The Historical Text as Literary Artifact. In: WHITE, Hayden. Tropic of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1985. p. 81-100.

WHITE, Hayden. The modernist Event. In: WHITE, Hayden, Figural realism. Studies in the Mimesis Effect. Baltimore and London: The University of Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012. p. 66-90.

WHITE, Hayden. The Value of Narrativity in the Representation of Reality. In: WHITE, Hayden. The Content of the Form. Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1987. p. 1-25.

WHITE, Hayden. Truth and Circumstance: What (if Anything) Can Properly Be Said about the Holocaust? In: WHITE, Hayden. The practical past. Northwestern University, 2014. p. 25-40.

WIEVIORKA, Annete. The era of the witness. Ithaca-London: Cornell University Press, 2006.

YERUSHALMI, Yosef Hayim. Zajor. La historia judía y la memoria judía. Barcelona: Anthropos, 2012.

YOUNG, E. James. Between History and Memory. The Uncanny Voices of Historian and Survivor. History & Memory, v. 9, n. 1, p. 47-58, 1997.

Publicado
2020-04-12
Como Citar
PÉREZ BAQUERO, R. Memória, narrativa e conflito em escrever o passado: quando os historiadores estão sujeitos a tensões éticas e políticas. História da Historiografia: International Journal of Theory and History of Historiography, v. 13, n. 32, p. 47-81, 12 abr. 2020.
Seção
Artigo